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Green Driving

  • Electric

    Electric

    Avoid gas stations altogether. Electricity is cheap and ubiquitous. EVs are the greenest vehicles you can buy. But limited range means mostly local driving.

  • Hybrid

    Hybrid

    Gas-electric hybrids are the most efficient cars that don’t have a plug. There are nearly 40 available models—ranging from compact to full-size SUV.

  • Diesel

    Diesel

    Diesel vehicles have exceptional fuel efficiency and are fun to drive. Today's diesels are much cleaner and quieter than those from previous generations.

  • High MPG Gas

    High MPG Gas

    Great fuel efficiency is possible with conventional gas engines. There's a growing list of reasonably priced models getting 35 mpg or higher.

  • CNG

    Natural Gas

    Research is required to find a local station that pumps CNG (Compressed Natural Gas), and choice of models is limited. But the payoff is low-cost fuel that burns clean.

  • Ethanol

    Ethanol

    If you live near an E85 pump, a flex-fuel car utilizes a domestic source of farm-grown fuel.

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Learn about your fuel tech options—how they affect mileage, cost, performance, and eco-impact. See glossary of terms.
DescriptionConsumptionEmissionsCostsPerformanceFuel Availability
Electric See all Electric Vehicles An all-electric car is powered only by an electric motor that receives electricity by plugging into the grid. These cars consume no gasoline and produce no tailpipe emissions. However, the level of overall emissions depends on the amount of coal used to make electricity.

See how it works
Data based on Nissan Leaf, provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

.2 barrels/yr
 
Greenhouse Gas*:

grams/mile
MSRP:
$35,200
(minus $7,500 federal tax credit)
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$510 annually
Efficiency*
99 MPGe
Driving Range:
100 miles/charge
(based on EPA LA4 City cycle)
0-60:
7.0 seconds
The public EV charging infrastructure is just getting started, but nearly all charging takes place at home.
  Find EV charging stations
HybridSee all Hybrid VehiclesA hybrid electric car combines an internal combustion engine with batteries and an electric motor to provide high fuel economy. Hybrids automatically switch between gas and electric to maximize efficiency. Batteries are charged by the engine and during regenerative braking.

See how it works
Data based on Toyota Prius, provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

6.6 barrels/yr
       
Greenhouse Gas*:

178 grams/mile
MSRP:
$24,000
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$1,050 annually
Efficiency*
50 MPG
Driving Range:
536 miles/tank
0-60:
9.8 seconds
Hybrids refuel at the same gas stations familiar to all motorists. Conventional hybrids don't need to be plugged in.
DieselSee all Diesel VehiclesA diesel engine does not use a conventional spark plug to ignite the fuel like gasoline. It uses the heat of compression to ignite the fuel to begin the combustion process. Diesel combustion is a more efficient process than spark ignited combustion, so diesel vehicles produce more miles per gallon than their gasoline counterparts.

See how it works
Data based on Jetta TDI (automatic), provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

11.2 barrels/yr
            
Greenhouse Gas*:

299 grams/mile
MSRP:
$22,775
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$1,676 annually
Efficiency*
34 MPG
Driving Range:
444 miles/tank
0-60:
8.2 seconds
The vast majority of gas stations have at least one pump dedicated to diesel fuel. Diesel drivers quickly learn to avoid local stations not offering diesel.
High MPGSee all High MPG VehiclesInnovative internal combustion strategies like direct injection, turbocharging and better aerodynamics help yield more miles from a gallon of gas. The proof is in the pudding: What's your MPG?

See how it works
Data based on Ford Fiesta SFE, provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

10 barrels/yr
          
Greenhouse Gas*:

269 grams/mile
MSRP:
$15,750
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$1,591 annually
Efficiency*
33 MPG
Driving Range:
356 miles/tank
0-60:
8.7 seconds
Conventional gas stations are ubiquitious in the American landscape. There are approximately 160,000 gas stations in the United States.
Compressed Natural GasSee all CNG VehiclesCompressed natural gas is cleaner and less expensive than gasoline, and generally comes from domestic sources. When considering the purchase of a CNG vehicle, owners should first determine whether convenient and reliable CNG fueling is available.

See how it works
Data based on Honda Civic CNG, provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

0.1 barrels/yr
 
Greenhouse Gas*:

252 grams/mile
MSRP:
$26,155
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$1,125 annually
Efficiency*
28 MPG
Driving Range:
190 miles/tank
0-60:
12.6 seconds
Compared to everpresent regular gas stations, there are only about 1,000 locations offering compressed natural gas. California has more than 200, but other states only have a handful. CNG drivers must remain aware of their range and distance from a CNG station and/or be willing to install home refueling.
  Find CNG refueling stations
EthanolSee all Ethanol VehiclesMore than 95% of gasoline is blended with low-levels of domestically produced ethanol. Ethanol is currently produced from corn with future plans to manufacture it from cellulosic materials—crop wastes, grasses, etc.—once technology is commercial. When comparing E85 and gasoline, all regulated emissions either decrease or show no significant difference.
See how it works
Data based on Chevrolet Malibu E85, provided by fueleconomy.gov*. Petroleum*:

4.2 barrels/yr
     
Greenhouse Gas*:

344 grams/mile
MSRP:
$22,110
Est. Fuel Cost*:
$2,658 annually
Efficiency*
18 MPG
Driving Range:
259 miles/tank
0-60:
8.8 seconds
There are more than 2,500 E85 fueling stations—not a high number—in the United States. Many are located in the Midwest, while its quite difficult to find an e85 station in many other regions. For example, there are fewer than 100 E85 locations in the state of California.
  Find Ethanol Fueling Stations